DEBATE EVENTS

Team members in the QC Speech Society will have opportunities to participate in three formats of debate, which are: International Public Debate (IPDA), Parliamentary Debate (NPDA), and Lincoln-Douglas Debate (NFA-LD).

International Public Debate Association (IPDA Debate)

The focus of IPDA is to promote a debate format that emphasizes public speaking and real world persuasion over the use of evidence and speed. 

Debate Format

IPDA primarily uses an individual debate format in which one debater takes the side of the affirmative where they have the burden to advocate the resolution. The other debater takes the side of the negative where they have the burden of refuting the affirmative's case. For each round, the two debaters are given five possible resolutions. The negative begins the topic selection by striking one resolution, followed by the affirmative striking another resolution, and so on until there is one resolution left. After the topic has been selected, the debaters have 30 minutes to prepare a case. 

Time Format

Each round is a maximum of 26 minutes:

1. Affirmative speech - 5 minutes

2. Negative cross examination - 2 minutes

3. Negative speech - 6 minutes

4. Affirmative cross examination - 2 minutes

5. Affirmative rebuttal - 3 minutes

6. Negative rebuttal - 5 minutes

7. Affirmative rebuttal and summary - 3 minutes 

National Parliamentary Debate Association (NPDA Debate)

The focus of NPDA is to promote a debate format where two teams of two people debate over current affairs or philosophy in a parliamentary format.

Debate Format

NPDA, or Parliamentary Debate, uses a team debate format in which the Government takes the side of the Affirmative where they have the burden to advocate the resolution. The other team represents the Opposition, where they take the side of the Negative and have the burden of refuting the Prime Minister and Member of Government's case. For each round, the two teams are given three possible resolutions. The negative begins the topic selection by striking one resolution, followed by the affirmative striking another resolution, and so on until there is one resolution left. After the topic has been selected, the two teams have 15 minutes to prepare a case. 

Time Format

Each round is a maximum of 61 minutes:

1. Debate preparation - 15 minutes

2. Prime Minister's speech - 7 minutes

3. Opposition flex time - 2 minutes

4. Leader of the Opposition's speech - 8 minutes

5. Government flex time - 2 minutes

6. Member of Government's speech - 8 minutes

7. Opposition flex time - 1 minute

8. Member of Opposition's speech - 8 minutes 

9. Leader of Opposition's Rebuttal - 4 minutes

10. Government flex time - 1 minute

11. Prime Minister's Rebuttal & Summary - 5 minutes

Lincoln - Douglas Debate (NFA-LD)

The focus of NFA-LD is to promote a debate format that emphasizes substantial research, evidence, and persuasion through a policy-oriented dialogue.

Debate Format

NFA-LD, or Lincoln-Douglas Policy Debate, uses a one-on-one debate format in which the Affirmative  advocates to adopt the policy resolution. The Negative refutes the Affirmative by attacking the proposed policy. Competitors in NFA-LD debate upon the same resolution for the entire year and are encouraged to build their case by using stock issues and by developing unique arguments that supports their position.

The 2020 - 2021 Resolution for NFA-LD is:

"Resolved:  The United States federal government should implement immigration reform that removes substantial statutory restrictions on legal immigration into the United States"

Time Format

Each round is a maximum of about 45 minutes:

1. Affirmative's Constructive speech - 6 minutes

2. Negative cross examination - 3 minutes

3. Negative's Constructive speech - 7 minutes

4. Affirmative cross examination - 3 minutes

5. Affirmative Rebuttal speech - 6 minutes

6. Negative Rebuttal speech - 6 minute

7. Affirmative Rebuttal & Summary - 3 minutes

(Each debater will have 4 minute prep-time in between constructive speeches)

QUEENS COLLEGE SPEECH SOCIETY

© 2019 by the Queens College Speech Society.

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